Affinity Group (also called People Group): a specific ethnic or cultural group situated within a specific region of the world; there are nine to which the IMB ministers.
Career missionary: an individual who has committed his or her life’s work to spreading the gospel of Christ to a certain affinity group (people group); often use education and skills of a non-church occupation as a means of sharing the Good News.
Church planter: most common type of missionary assignment; full-time work of building a church within an unreached community.
Closed territory: term for a high-security area of the world not open to Christianity.
International Mission Board (IMB): denominational organization tasked with appointing, training, and deploying Southern Baptist missionaries across the world; formerly known as the Foreign Mission Board; headquartered in Richmond, Virginia.
Journeyman: IMB missions program for young adults just completing their college education; provides full-time mission opportunities for assignments ranging from two-to-three years; designed for adults ages 21-26.
Mid-term missionary: a student or lay person already engaged in an occupation overseas (teacher, doctor, accountant) who partners with a missionary team on the field; mid-term opportunities can range from one to four years in length.
Missionary: a term for any individual who has committed his or her life to spreading the gospel of Christ.
Missions: any evangelistic outreach crossing boundaries of culture, geography, or language; can be reaching out to your next-door neighbor or moving across the world to serve a specific people group.
Missionary Team: a group of believers who partner together with missionaries in a specific location of the world; usually are tasked by the same sending organization; may provide emotional, financial, or technical support.
North American Mission Board (NAMB): denominational organization tasked with appointing, training, and deploying Southern Baptist missionaries to various locations throughout the continent of North America; formerly known as the Home Mission Board; headquartered in Alpharetta, Georgia.
S.T.A.S. (Stateside Assignment): period of time (usually six months) in which a missionary or missionary family comes back to the United States in order to rest, enjoy the company of family, and participate in professional training; occurs at the end of a missionary term, which is usually a period of three years.
Short-term opportunities: a student or church group who partner with a missionary team to engage in a service trip; short-term opportunities can range from several days to several months in length. Various opportunities may exist for individuals to engage in a service trip, as well.
Unreached and Unengaged People Groups (UUPG): term for peoples of the world who have never heard the name of Jesus or His gospel (unreached) and/or have had little missionary contact and only a very small portion of the population is receptive to the gospel (unengaged).